Pregnancy Lab Investigations

preg-lab-investigations

We provide the following lab tests:

  • Complete blood count (CBC): The CBC test is important as it helps to detect diseases or infections in the expectant mother. It is also possible to get a general idea about the well-being of the pregnant mother as the test measures the number of the three types of blood cells.
  • Blood type: During the first trimester or the first prenatal appointment, blood type test is normally completed. It is used to assess the blood group of a pregnant woman, to determine if she is A, B, AB, or O, and whether she is Rh-positive or Rh-negative. Her blood type should be known to a pregnant woman.     During pregnancy, blood type test is particularly important since a mother and her fetus could be incompatible. If the mother is Rh-negative but the father is Rh-positive, the fetus will inherit the father's Rh antigen and be Rh positive. If the mother's and baby's blood types are different, the mother can produce antibodies (antiglobulins) that respond to the red blood cells of the fetus with antigens (proteins or factors).        The antibodies will cross the placenta and kill the red blood cells of the infant, resulting in a serious condition known as the newborn's hemolytic disease (HDN). While the first Rh-positive baby is unlikely to become ill, subsequent Rh-positive babies will be affected by the antibodies produced during the first pregnancy. babies.
  • Urinalysis: The urine test is used to diagnose diseases of the bladder or kidney, diabetes, dehydration, and preeclampsia by checking for elevated sugar, protein, ketone, and bacteria levels. High sugar levels may imply gestational diabetes, which is likely to develop around the 20th week of pregnancy.
  • Urine culture: During your pregnancy, if you have formed a UTI, it is important to diagnose and treat it. In pregnancy, UTIs are common and can, at times, go unnoticed. Untreated UTIs may lead to premature labor or poor results in labor. It is important to take a urine culture test to find out:
    • Bacteria that are responsible for the urinary tract infection.
    • Deciding the best form of antibiotic during pregnancy to treat the infection.
    • If the medication will help to full clear the UTI

Usually, the pregnant woman is asked to give her urine sample twice, for urine culture. The first time to check the infection-causing bacteria and the second time to check whether the infection has been cleared completely so that in the future there will be no risk to the baby or mother.

  • Rubella: For a pregnant woman, rubella testing is extremely necessary as it is very unsafe for her and her growing infant. The risk of catching the disease is for someone who is not vaccinated against rubella. Before they get pregnant, women should make sure that they are safe from rubella. The most serious damage is caused by rubella virus infection when the mother is infected early in pregnancy, especially in the first 12 weeks (first trimester).
  • Hepatitis B and hepatitis C: Not only can a pregnant woman face the risk of hepatitis on her own, she can even pass on virus to her baby. Since infection often causes no signs or symptoms, many pregnant women may not even know that they are infected. Therefore, it is advised to get checked as early as possible for those who are pregnant or expect to become pregnant.
  • Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): For the mother and her baby, a STI during pregnancy may pose significant health risks. As a consequence, STI screening, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, chlamydia and syphilis, is normally conducted at the first prenatal visit for all pregnant women.
  • Tuberculosis (TB): If a TB disease is not diagnosed and treated, there is a greater risk for a pregnant woman and her baby. Throughout pregnancy, TB skin testing is considered both accurate and healthy. The use of TB blood tests during pregnancy is also healthy.

 

 

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