In vitro fertilization is the IVF full form and is a common assisted reproductive technology to help women get pregnant. It involves preparing the composition inside a laboratory and then implant it inside a female uterus. In a normal pregnancy, a male sperm penetrates a woman’s egg and gets it fertilized inside her body after ovulation. The fertilized eggs then get attached to the outside wall of the womb before getting developed to a baby. The whole process is known as natural conception. However, not all couples are blessed with a natural pregnancy, there are few who are seeking to endure the family legacy, go through the IVF process, a reliable fertility treatment to conceive an IVF baby. 

Overview of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) treatment

IVF full form & meaning is In Vitro Fertilization, a process where fertilization takes place in a laboratory instead of a woman’s womb. The literal IVF meaning of In Vitro Fertilization suggests fertilization “within the glass”, which means anything occurring in a laboratory setting, therefore these IVF conceived babies are also referred to as “test-tube babies.” These test tube babies are children conceived in a laboratory through the scientific process of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). Hence there is no difference between IVF and test-tube babies.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) definition is not confined to a single procedure, instead, it comprises numerous techniques that help the couple suffering from fertility or genetic issues with child conception. During IVF, mature eggs are collected from the ovaries and fertilized with a sperm in a laboratory. The fertilized eggs (embryos) are then transferred to the womb for further development. The IVF fertility can be carried out with one’s own sperm or donor sperm or in a form of surrogacy. 

IVF process consists of several steps that could take a month or more to complete. It sometimes gives a positive result on the first shot or can go for testing for several months. However, IVF fertility treatment definitely increases the chances of getting pregnant.

Searching for IVF near you? Reach out Vatsalya for successful IVF pregnancy and for higher fertility success. 

Candidates suitable for IVF process

Even the best IVF clinics in the world, recommend In Vitro Fertilization and embryo transfer to patients who are unable to get pregnant despite regular sexual intercourse. Alongside, the IVF treatment is a suitable option for:

  • Partners diagnosed with unexplained infertility.
  • Women with blocked fallopian tubes.
  • Men suffering from infertility.
  • Couples who are willing to have a child after the age of 45. 
  • Low ovarian reserve.
  • People facing Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
  • Women suffering from recurring miscarriages.
  • Premature Ovarian Failure.
  • Endometriosis

In Vitro Fertilization process step by step 

The IVF fertility treatment may vary on the patient’s tests report which is taken before the commencement of the test tube baby process. Usually, it starts with medication, as it ensures that the women will be able to produce a healthy baby after the successful completion of IVF fertilization.

Is the IVF procedure painful? No, the IVF procedure is not as painful as the entire treatment relies on general anesthesia, and medication, so IVF success includes the following steps:

  1. Day 2 of your natural cycle

    The first step of the IVF treatment process begins from day 2 of your period. On this day, women are given drugs for proceeding IVF treatment. 
  2. Stimulating the ovaries

    In a natural cycle, the ovaries produce 1 egg. The patients are prescribed to intake medicine for 8-14 days to encourage follicles in ovarian reserve to produce more eggs when on their IVF cycle.

The medicine prescribed is as per the treatment and body plan. The medicine is usually in the form of injections, which vary from 1-2 cycles or 1-2 days. The common injection used for IVF medical to stimulate the follicles are:

  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH) 

Vatsalya & IVF fertility center in Nepal, examines the day to day procedures of the IVF process start to finish. The fertility experts keep an eye on the ovaries and the development of the follicles through ultrasounds and blood tests. The medication is adjusted as the IVF procedure progress. The female undergoes transvaginal ultrasounds. In the course of the test tube baby process, our team from Vatsalya will support the patient throughout the In Vitro Fertilization steps. 

  • Egg retrieval process

    In this, the eggs are collected from the ovaries. The patients are given general anesthesia, while the fertility experts use the latest ultrasound technology to insert a needle in each ovary. It is a delicate work that seeks specialist attentions. Hence, the fertility experts of the IVF clinic are aware of the retrieval and the number of eggs to be collected. 
  • The sperm collection

    During the IVF treatment procedure, fresh sperm is needed from the fertility partner. The collected sperm is then graded using different levels and the healthiest one is selected to get it introduced to the eggs.
  • Fertilization

    The IVF specialists shall forward the retrieved eggs. The eggs and sperm composition are made and placed in a dish inside a controlled chamber. Sometimes the elements are directly injected to the egg or frozen sperms retrieved through testicular biopsy. The fertilized eggs then divide and become an embryo. From the attained embryo, the best ones are selected and transferred for the IVF conception. The female patients are then given human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) or progesterone to help the lining of the womb.
  • Embryo Development

    After the fertilization of sperm and egg, it becomes an embryo. These are then placed to a special incubator for continuous growth and perfect development. Unfortunately, not all eggs fertilize and reach the embryo stage. So frequent update is provided by the fertility expert for embryo development. 
  • Embryo transfer

    Once the embryo develops in the lab, it gets transferred to the uterus. The embryo transfer is a simple process where no anesthesia is used. The embryo is placed in a catheter that shall be placed into the uterus through the cervix, which is also a part of IVF step. 
  • The final test

    In the final step of the In Vitro Fertilization procedure, a blood sample is taken approximately after two weeks of transfer to measure human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). The presence of HCG in blood denotes positive IVF pregnancy. 

Risk Associated with IVF treatment

Very minor risks are connected to the IVF treatment. Some women may react to oral or injected medications that are given during the treatment.

The side effects of IVF drugs include:

  • Irritation
  • Abdominal pain
  • Enlargement of ovaries
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Bruises 
  • Multiple births

Searching for IVF in Nepal? Vatsalya holds a mission to provide relevant knowledge, and advanced infertility treatments to maximize the chances of pregnancy. Contact us today for IVF cost in Nepal and for a personal consultation!

IVF Success rates 

IVF success rates by age as the IVF success rates under 35 is higher than 45 years. Other situations hindering IVF achievements are genetic factors, lifestyle, quality of eggs and sperm, and skill and competence of the IVF center. The fertility specialist shall advise the patients to take natural IVF treatment or ICSI-IVF and explain the chances of IVF success. Even the best IVF clinics take several aspects into understanding before rapidly starting IVF step by step. Despite all the odds, with the transfer of two embryos at one time, Vatsalya has been achieving a success rate of over 60% which is twice the normal industry standard. Developed countries have been practicing the trend of single embryo transfer to reduce the chances of pregnancy complications through twins which has further lowered the success rate to 30% only.

Though ART procedure has adopted advanced technology, the generalized success rate can be misleading when trying to achieve pregnancy through IVF. A patient has to clear several hurdles week by week to achieve healthy IVF pregnancy.

Connecting to the IVF doctor about the difficult stages allows the patients to make a concrete decision in taking IVF fertility treatment. Going through a repeated process in the IVF treatment means a substantial commitment of effort, time, and energy. So before undertaking the treatment, the couple must carefully understand the IVF treatment cost and medical issues. Alongside the successful pregnancy after IVF demands more attention week by week to preserve the pregnancy.

IVF hospital & IVF cost in Nepal

In Vitro Fertilization price shall vary per clinic and treatment methods. If you freeze embryos for the later years, the IVF treatment cost may be affordable as using existing embryos eliminate the use for retrieval and stimulation.

In a few cases, the plan may include ICSI-IVF as an additional step in the IVF cycle. As ICSI involves injecting a single sperm to each of the eggs to treat male infertility, the IVF price may consist of supplementary medication and testing charges. 

If in need of a donor egg, the patient might incur an additional charge in the basic test tube baby price. Figuring out an affordable and suitable IVF clinic nearby can be daunting. Most couples get terrified by the medical bills, so before commencing with the IVF treatment get yourself prepared to find out the best IVF center near you to get easy access to the hospital and lessen the financial burden.

We at Vatsalya, the best IVF fertility clinic in Nepal, are here to provide expert guidance, and professional service, throughout the journey of IVF treatment. Start talking to our experts to find the right IVF treatment option for your needs, contact us today!

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